When you look online, it can be difficult to find charts for Australian blood sugar levels, right?
We understand, that makes it confusing for you. So, thankfully you found us because we can clear it all up for you right here.
NOTE: Blood ‘sugar’ and blood ‘glucose’ are the same thing.
Normal Blood Sugar Levels
Normal fasting glucose levels are between 4.0 and 6.0 mmol/L.
Normal 2-hour post-meal glucose levels, also called ‘after-meal’ or ‘postprandial,’ are less than 7.8 mmol/L.
If you have type 2 diabetes or prediabetes, your goal is to get your blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible.
Prediabetes Diagnostic Blood Sugar Levels
Prediabetes is also called impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance.
To be diagnosed with prediabetes, fasting blood sugar will range from 6.1 to 6.9 mmol/L.
However, a fasting level between 5.5 to 6.9 mmol/L could indicate increased risk of diabetes, especially if you’re considered in a high risk group. Therefore, your doctor may send you for other tests to confirm a diagnosis.
A prediabetes 2-hours post-meal glucose level would be 7.8 to 11.0 mmol/L.
Type 2 Diabetes Diagnostic Blood Sugar Levels
To be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in Australia, your fasting glucose would be equal to or more than 7.0 mmol/L.
2-hours post-meal glucose level would be equal to or more than 11.1 mmol/L.
Prediabetes Blood Sugar Levels Goals
Once you have a prediabetes diagnosis, your goal is to get your blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible – between 4.0 and 6.0 mmol/L (or below 5.5 if you can) fasting blood sugar levels, and below 7.8 mmol/L 2-hours after meals.
Type 2 Diabetes Blood Sugar Levels Goals
Many organisations, and maybe even your doctor might say that under 10.0 mmol/L 2-hours after a meal is acceptable.
What the research shows is that the closer you can keep your blood sugar levels to normal, the better health you’ll have and the less risk you will have for developing complications.
That means aiming for under 7.8 mmol/L 2-hours after meals is ideal. It can take a while to get there initially, but dietary changes and looking after yourself can help you achieve this over time.
For fasting blood sugar levels with type 2 diabetes, the recommended goal is 4.0 to 7.0 mmol/L.
KEY POINT: Once you have a prediabetes or type 2 diabetes diagnosis, the overall goal to aim for is blood sugar levels as close to “normal” levels as you possibly can. Normal blood sugar levels are between 4.0 and 6.0 mmol/L fasting and under 7.8 mmol/L 2-hours after meals.
Grab a copy of the blood sugar and HbA1c levels, plus a printable daily tracking chart
Diabetesaustralia.com.au. (2022). Diabetesqld.org.au. (2022). Pathologytestsexplained.org.au (2020; 2021). Rcpa.edu.au (2019; 2019). Pathology.alfred.org.au (2022). RACGP Management of diabetes handbook (2020). Khaw et al. 2001. Heintjes et al. 2011. Stratton et al. 2000. ADA Medical care in diabetes (2022).